Jesper Dammeyer’s research interests covers psychological well-being, mental health and communication among people with hearing loss and deafblindness. He carries out projects among children, adults and elderly. Jesper Dammeyer is head of a research unit at Department of Psychology, University of Copenhagen, Denmark.
Abstract: Identity is important in social psychology to understand people’s behavior and minds. For deaf and hard of hearing people, four types of identity have been discussed and researched: (1) Hearing identity, (2) Deaf identity, (3) Bicultural identity, which means that the individual identifies with both the hearing and Deaf cultures, (4) Marginal identity, which means that the individual identifies with neither the hearing nor the Deaf culture. Significant differences has been found between the groups with regard to, for example, well-being and communication. More recent research has also investigated how identity might be linked to other individual differences including personality traits, self-efficacy and social dominance orientation. New theories of identity, however, understand identity as a process and negotiation of (multiple) identifies across contexts rather than fixed categories. These theories might be relevant for understanding how factors, such as the use of cochlear implants, impacts on identity formation in adolescents.